How to Create A Virtual Host in Apache2

How to Create A Virtual Host in Apache2.
How to Create A Virtual Host in Apache2.

This is a sample tutorial about creating a virtual host in apache2, in this tutorial we will work on ubuntu 13.10, Lets start… 

1- Make sure that you have LAMP (linux-apache2-mysql-php5) in your machine, if not please check this link .

2- Open your terminal and type

sudo su
cd /etc/apache2/sites-available/

Here you can create your .conf file that will save your virtual host settings.

3- Create a .conf file with your virtual host name ( ex: test.conf )

nano test.conf

this will create a test.conf file that will save your virtual host settings.

4- Inside your test.conf file type :

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
  ServerName test.local
  DocumentRoot /var/www/test/index
 <Directory /var/www/test/index>
   DirectoryIndex index.php
   AllowOverride All
   Order allow,deny
   Allow from all
 </Directory>
</VirtualHost>
  • Line 1 of the file makes Apache to listen to all (*) IP addresses on port 80.
  • Line 2 defines the web master’s E-mail address. If something bad happens to the site, Apache sends an alert E-mail to this address. You can enter your E-mail here.
  • Line 3 defines host name that will be accessed throw the browser.
  • Line 4 defines the document root directory ( APP_DIR ). All files and directories under the document root will be accessible by web-users. You should set this to be the absolute path to skeleton application’s public directory. So, the directories and files inside public (like index.php , css , js , etc.) will be accessible, while directories and files above public directory (like config , module , etc.) wont’ be accessible by web users, which enhances the security of the web site.

  • Lines 5-10 define rules for the document root directory (APP_DIR). DirectoryIndex define the index file inside root directory. The AllowOverride All directive allows to define any rules in .htaccess files. The Order allow,deny and allow from all control a three-pass access control system, effectively allowing everyone to visit the site.

then save your settings as test.conf 

5- Go to your hosts file to add host name to your apache

cd /etc
nano hosts

then add ip address of your localhost and host name

Adding test.local to hosts
Adding test.local to hosts

then save your settings

6- Now we will save our new virtual host, type :

a2ensite test.local
service apache2 reload

it will register the new virtual host then reload apache2 to save all settings.

7- We will create a sample project inside www to test our virtual host :

cd /var/www/
mkdir test
cd test
mkdir index 
cd index
nano index.php

then add some lines to index.php

<h1>Hello, Iam inside My test project</h1>
<p>File Directory:
/var/www/test/index/index.php</p>

save your file then close.

8- Test time :), go to your browser then type test.local

Testing test.local virtual host
Testing test.local virtual host

This is a very sample way to create virtual host on your server, you can update your directories and host name as you want. If i forgot something or you have a problem please leave your comment.

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